The hottest papermaking country seeks a breakthrou

2022-08-12
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The paper-making powers seek a breakthrough in the local version of the forest certification system

the forest certification, which is intended to promote the sustainable development of forests, has partially become a green barrier to forest paper trade in practice. As a big country in forestry and papermaking, China needs to give more voice in the forest certification system

at the China paper industry sustainable development forum held on August 19, Shi Feng, Secretary General of China forest products industry association and director of China forest Trinasolar Forest Certification Center, admitted that the forest certification system sometimes becomes a non-tariff trade barrier, which hinders the export trade of forest paper products

the so-called forest certification is to improve the level of forest management by affecting the trade of forest products. Among them, forest management units carry out sustainable management and logging of forests, production and processing enterprises purchase raw materials from well managed forests, sellers know that their products have been certified by forests, and consumers voluntarily purchase products with certification marks. This is also considered to be an important measure that can promote the sustainable development of forestry

human controlled forestry

with the global climate change and the continuous growth of human demand, the world's forests are currently facing a huge threat of resource scarcity, which makes the negative trade of forest paper products become a topic of global concern. As the world's largest producer of forest paper products, China has also been misunderstood and questioned internationally in recent years; Moreover, China's Forest Pulp and paper products have been sniped at in the overseas procurement market for lack of forest certification for many times

according to the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe and the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, the amount of illegal logging in the world accounts for about 20% - 40% of global wood production. Related to chemical resistance - higher chemical resistance makes plastic parts more resistant to rust, rain, detergents and other materials than metal. Countries, industries and forest owners are estimated to lose 15billion dollars (9.5 billion euros) a year for this, Illegal logging has also reduced wood prices by 7% - 16% worldwide

the best solution to track the source of legal logging of wood is forest certification. Obtaining the certification means that the enterprise has obtained the qualification to enter the relevant market

forest certification system is divided into international system and national system. At present, the international system includes the Forest Management Committee (FSC) and the forest certification system accreditation program (PEFC). There are more than 30 existing national systems, and they are increasing

in the first few years of forest certification in the 1990s, the certified forest area increased at a slow rate. However, in recent years, the certified forest area has increased rapidly. In January, 2002, 109million hectares of forests in more than 60 countries in the world passed the certification of various forest certification systems. By the end of 2010, 350million hectares of forests in more than 100 countries had passed the forest certification, accounting for 9% of the total global forest area

among the certified forest areas, the FSC certified area is 126million hectares, and the PEFC certified area is 225million hectares. 57% of the certified forests are distributed in North America, 33% in Europe, and only 4%, 3%, 2% and 1% in South America, Oceania, Africa and Asia respectively

although the growth rate of forests that have obtained independent certification is remarkable, the forest area that has been independently certified and properly managed still accounts for only 9% of the global economic forest area

Dr. Patrick Moore, chairman and chief scientist of green strategies consulting company, previously wrote that there are many reasons for the difficulty of forest certification in tropical and subtropical areas, including the high cost of certification. Some forests in these areas may not be properly managed. To meet the same management standards as in North America or Western Europe means a lot of capital investment, and local consumers are unwilling to pay a premium for certified forest products. These areas often lack motivation in forest certification. With the rapid economic development of Indonesia, China, India and Brazil, their forest resources are bound to be more and more managed by the certification system

weak Chinese voice

China needs to speak in forest certification, but at present, China still lacks the corresponding voice in the forest certification system

since the production of paper and paper products exceeded 80million tons in 2009, China has surpassed the United States to become the world's first paper production country. Among them, the manufacturing processes of paper, coated paper and household paper after exceeding the yield load even exceed the world's leading level

Liutianshi, marketing director of Jinguang paper industry, said that the development of China's forest paper industry still faces two major tests: on the one hand, raw materials are insufficient, and pulp raw materials are subject to the international market; On the other hand, increasingly stringent barriers to foreign market access, such as trade barriers and green barriers, have also restricted China from becoming a paper-making power from an ancient country

data show that almost 60% of wood pulp and more than 40% of waste paper in China's paper industry need to be imported. In 2010, China imported about 11million tons of commercial pulp and about 24million tons of waste paper

with regard to the claim of environmental protection NGOs that the destruction of Indonesia's tropical rainforest was interrupted from the detection of paper fiber, wangjuhua, a senior engineer of China pulp and paper research institute, added from the technical level that at present, the species of wood pulp used in paper products can be determined through fiber detection, but the country of the species cannot be immediately determined, and it is impossible to determine whether the fiber comes from natural forests or artificial forests

Shi Feng said that due to the characteristics of market mechanism, the initiators, promoters and stakeholders of various forest certification systems have different backgrounds and objectives, which also leads to different values of many certification systems in the world

Wang Qinhua, vice president of the China Federation of Commerce, said more directly: in today's fierce competition among countries around the world, the game around standards has never stopped. For example, the patent dispute of DVD and the 3G standard dispute of communication. Who will lead an industry and who will lead the world is not just a technical problem

it is more important to formulate rules

forest certification started relatively late in China. The concept of forest certification was introduced into China in 1995. In 2001, the Chinese Government participated in some international forest certification activities and established relevant internal leading groups. In 2007, the State Forestry Administration officially issued two industry standards, one is China forest certification and forest management; The second is China's forest management supervision chain

Shi Feng revealed that as the first forest certification institution in China, China forest Trinasolar Forest Certification Center also officially launched a forest certification pilot on July 23, 2010, and has audited a forestry area of more than 1.2 million hectares. Our goal in the 12th Five Year Plan is to complete the audit area of at least 20million hectares and reach 3million hectares in 2011. Next, we need to further expand the field of certification. In addition to economic crops under the forest, we need to gradually promote the certification of ecological grassland and pasture, ecotourism, animal and plant reproduction, etc

he also revealed that the China forest certification and Administration Commission (CFCC) has recently completed the work of joining the China forest certification system into PEFC and become a member of PEFC. The aluminum alloy battery packs, fenders, crash beams, subframes and other types of body and chassis parts brought by many enterprises will comprehensively show the utilization of aluminum alloy new material technology in automobile manufacturing. If the work is successful, the mutual recognition of 23 systems will be completed by the first half of next year

Shi Feng stressed that it is everyone's responsibility to promote sustainable forest management, and the way to promote it can be different. The key is to see the effect. The global forest certification system presents a diversified development trend. There is no difference between FSC and PEFC in the authority of certification, but in their respective certification standards and processes. Everyone should be equal in certification

moreover, carrying out forest certification is not the only way to promote sustainable forest management. We should respect the national conditions of all countries, especially developing countries. First, we should promote their governments to improve their awareness of forest resource management, and second, we should adopt management adapted to national conditions. Adapting to international trends can promote bilateral and multilateral certification activities to maintain sustainable forest management

while enhancing capacity-building, reducing the cost of forest certification for business entities and realizing and improving the benefits of forest certification is not only a process of integrating with international standards, but also a process of promoting the transformation of China's forestry production mode. All kinds of forest business entities and enterprise entities will be the ultimate beneficiaries. Shi Feng said

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